Therapy consists in the use of anti-Helicobacter antibiotics, drugs to reduce the production of hydrochloric acid and regenerate the mucous membrane.

Bulbitis may be due to anatomical prerequisites. Normally, the duodenum does not have a mesentery. Sometimes, due to violations of embryonic development, the mesentery is preserved, while loops of the intestine can form, in which the contents of high acidity, which directly enters from the stomach, stagnate. Such conditions are favorable for the existence of microorganisms, which, with aggressive chemical action, leads to inflammation and erosion of keflex pills.

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Factors that reduce the protective properties of the duodenal mucosa predispose to the development of bulbitis: immunity disorders, severe concomitant diseases, genetic, psycho-emotional and constitutional prerequisites. Less commonly, bulbitis occurs with Crohn's disease, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, celiac disease. The intake of strong alcoholic beverages, the abuse of chemically, mechanically irritating food injures the mucous membrane, provoking catarrhal inflammation. Acute bulbitis, as a local form of duodenitis, develops with shigellosis infection (dysentery), viral hepatitis A, salmonellosis.

Causes of bulbitis Pathogenesis Symptoms of bulbitis Diagnosis Treatment of keflex online Prognosis and prevention Prices for treatment. The main cause of the development of the disease is Helicobacter pylori infection against the background of damage to the intestinal mucosa.

Normally, a person has a balance between the factors of aggression and protection of the gastroduodenal zone.

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Bicarbonates produced by the pancreas reduce the acidity of the stomach contents entering the duodenum.

If this balance is disturbed, hydrochloric acid, liver and pancreatic enzymes damage the mucous membrane. Increased acidity creates favorable conditions for the settlement of Helicobacteria. They are adapted to exist in an aggressive acidic environment and create a protective alkaline barrier around them. Helicobacter pylori causes the production of pro-inflammatory substances, resulting in damage to the mucous membrane. At the same time, an erosive form of the disease develops, and in the absence of keflex online treatment, ulcers form.

The main symptom is pain syndrome, which can have different intensity.

Symptoms of this pathology depend on the clinical form. Catarrhal bulbitis is characterized by slight pain in the upper abdomen. With erosive bulbitis, there are pronounced pains on an empty stomach and 10-15 minutes after eating. Patients note a decrease in appetite, nausea, sometimes vomiting occurs, which brings relief, bitter belching and heartburn.

Acute bulbitis, which occurs against the background of food poisoning, is accompanied by an increase in body temperature, severe nausea, frequent vomiting, and stool disorder.

The general condition of the patient suffers significantly. In connection with insufficient enzymatic processing of cephalexin pills, symptoms of indigestion occur. Perhaps a feeling of discomfort in the abdomen, upset stool, signs of dysbacteriosis.

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When examining a patient with bulbitis, the pallor of the skin is determined (in case of blood loss), palpation of the upper abdomen causes pain. The tongue is covered with a white coating, teeth marks are visible on it. Clinical and biochemical blood tests reveal changes that are not specific to bulbitis: a decrease in erythrocytes, hemoglobin (with an erosive variant with bleeding), a change in the level of hepatic and pancreatic enzymes. If bleeding is suspected, a fecal occult blood test is taken.

If bulbitis has developed against the background of hyperacid gastritis, pH-metry determines an increase in the acidity of gastric juice, and specific tests detect Helicobacter pylori. In order to confirm the presence of H. pylori, a urease breath test, enzyme immunoassay, PCR diagnostics of Helicobacter pylori, and a biopsy sample taken during EGDS are performed.

Mandatory methodThe diagnosis of bulbitis is esophagogastroduodenoscopy - an endoscopic examination that allows you to visually assess the condition of the mucous membrane of the stomach, duodenum and, in particular, the bulbar region, identify erosion, determine the degree of damage and conduct an endoscopic biopsy for the purpose of histological assessment of duodenal tissues. Often, superficial bulbitis is a finding and is detected in the form of diffuse hyperemia of the mucosa and edema.

Conducting a survey radiography of cephalexin cavity with bulbitis makes it possible to identify violations of the topographic relationship of the stomach and duodenum, which happens while maintaining the embryonic mesentery and the formation of loops.

The acute period involves a complete rejection of mechanically, thermally and chemically coarse food.

Comprehensive treatment is carried out by a specialist gastroenterologist, in case of complications - by a surgeon. A diet is required.

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This method does not allow you to directly determine the state of the duodenum, but it makes it possible to examine the liver and pancreas.
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In the diagnostic program for bulbitis, ultrasound of the abdominal organs can be used.

Keflex pill of the passage of barium through the small intestine allows you to assess the motility of the duodenum. For this purpose, antroduodenal manometry is also performed.